Law whether natural or man made is the means of regulation of human behavior. The natural law dictates what an individual person should perform, what is good or evil, what is acceptable or unacceptable. But, unlucky as it has no enforcement machinery like police officers, public prosecutor, judges and other administrative wings. The only means of enforcement is condemnation by the society against the violators of natural law.
Unlike the natural law, man-made law is powerful in many aspects. It has prohibitory provisions stipulated by legislative organ for the purpose of attaining public good. It has also command power that every citizen residing in a nation should observe. Finally, where the prohibitory and the command provisions are violated sanction follows. The very purpose of allocation of such penalty is not only to regulate human conduct but also to create smooth social relationship between or among the community.
Law is every thing for a wise government. Where the government resorts to a legal machinery building a political community based on the rule of law, to ensure a lasting peace, to guarantee a democratic order, to advance economic and social development is the easiest way.
A further point is that, to achieve the general purposes highlighted in the preceding paragraph, law enables the government for full respect of individual and peopleâ€™s fundamental rights and freedoms, to attain equality of its citizens regardless of sex, religion, politics, status, personality, economy, social, racial, and cultural backgrounds. The sum total of all these achievements may lead to creating common interest, common outlooks, one economic community, sustainable development and peace and avoiding unjust relationships among the citizens.
It seems that the Ethiopian government is changing the policy ground behind the utilization of law. In the previous two regimes politics was leading the law-during the Emperor Hailesillasie and Derg Regimes. However, in the present situation of Ethiopia a lot attempt is made to put the legal leadership at apex of politics. For achieving such very purpose for Ethiopian government expanding law schools is unquestionable and as a same time inevitable.
To throw a light on some points as justifications for the expansion of law schools and training a lot of law personnel, we have crystal grounds. Lawyers are influential personality provided that they are well-trained and well-equipped with practical activities. The ethics of lawyersâ€™ judge to be reasonable and rationale. They have to avoid emotional acts and value judgment. They have to resort to legal provisions before reaching on decision. But, this does not mean that underestimating other fields of training. The point of departure is that lawyersâ€™ blood circulation should be with provision of law. Therefore, the wise government makes use of law-schools and lawyers in policy formulation and its implementation.
The opening of L.L.B Program in Law is to achieve the following general objectives
To alleviate the shortage of trained man power in the field of law
To inculcate legal knowledge to the trainees that enable them to tackle legal issues
To equip the trainees with practical procedures of law
To impart knowledge on ethical values of legal professionals
To carry out legal research activities on formulation of government policy, in preparation of legal document, on legal professional ethics and implementation of laws
To forward important recommendations from the out put of the legal research
From the perspective of knowledge
The trainees shall be equipped with legal knowledge as the concept of law, legal system, techniques of interpretation of law, enactment of law, classification of laws, the influence of law as machinery of policy implementation, the rule of law, the due process of law, the substantive rights, and duties of citizens, and international legal interactions, the contractual rights and liabilities, the legal basis for foundation of associations of different sorts and legal personification of individuals and entities.
From the perspective of skill
The trainees impart legal skills how to dispose practical cases. They are able to prepare legal documents like charges, statements of claim, and statements of defense, summons, and judgments. In addition, they shall acquire a basic skill how to advise the clients. Specially, the trainees will be equipped with the skill of preparing statements of claim and statements of defense on civil and criminal cases for their private clients.
From the perspective of Attitude
The trainees will be able to understand how to handle their clients and practical cases at court of law. They can also understand how to create job opportunity by preparing different legal documents upon their personal effort.
Mission of the program
The department of Law, Civic and Ethical education as a unit of public higher learning entity committed to the fundamental objective of provision of relevant and quality education, research, and community services.
The department has shard mission with the University in imparting education in diversified programs like undergraduate, graduate and short term trainings, and advancing research to address pressing issues in policy formulation and its implementation. It also aimed to render community services on legal issues but to the immediate community.
Vision statement of the program
The department of Law, Civic and ethical education envisions becoming an outstanding university unit advancing legal knowledge and legal professionals who value legal professional ethics to the best practice of the international law schools.
Programs in the Department
The department currently runs one program