Organizational Structure

After a few years elapsed with this situation, Fascist Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1928 EC (1935) which disrupted education and normal life in the country resulting in the closure of all schools. Ambo's school remained closed during the invasion between 1928 and 1933 EC (1935-1940). Meanwhile, the Italian invaders used the school's buildings as administrative offices, residence and prison. However, they have also built some more buildings for this purpose.

In the period following the end of Italian invasion in 1933 EC (1940), the Ethiopian Government quickly began restoring schools all over the country, and Ambo's school became operational. In the subsequent years, when agricultural development programs began, the Government decided to move the school elsewhere and started agricultural education in its premises; and thus Ambo. School of Agriculture, the first ever agricultural school in Ethiopia, was established in 1939 EC (1946) with one /Swedish/ director and four /German/ teachers. The courses offered at the time were Animal Science, Crop Production, Agricultural Engineering, Mathematics, and English. This went on well until 1944 EC (1951) when the teachers began leaving the school that forced a brief closure of the school between 1944 and 1945 EC (1951-1952). This was a period that saw Germans dispersed over the world as a result of the Second World War. Some German migrants also came to Ethiopia amongst whom the Ethiopian Government recruited those qualified to teach agriculture on a contractual basis and made Ambo school to be reopened with a new organization. Students being admitted were required to pass the 8th grade national examination and attend their study from 9 to 12 in the school, upon completing which they were awarded Diploma in Agriculture.

In 1969 EC (1974) the institute was granted a Junior College status and named as Ambo Junior College of Agriculture with an added objective of research and extension apart from teaching.

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