Land Administration and Surveying


Program Level:Undergraduate
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Land is the most important resource to the human being. It is the source of life itself and the foundation of all forms of human activity; from it we obtain the food we eat, the shelter we need, the space to work, and the room to relax. It represents fundamental component of ecosystem. In agrarian country like Ethiopia land is not only the main means for generating a livelihood but often also used to accumulate wealth and transfer it between generations.  Land lies at the heart of social, political and economic life of such countries. In Ethiopia, despite the huge diversity of regions, peoples, and economies across the country, agriculture, natural resource use and other land-based activities remain key to livelihoods, income and employment.

Because of a serious lack of trained manpower in the area of Land Administration and Surveying and management, different governmental organizations were initiated the establishment of the Institute of Land Administration and Surveying

  • Economic Rationality

The basic economic presumption underlying the emergence of Land Administration and Surveying and management program which consists of multi-discipline: law, economics, Land Administration and Surveying, geodesy, geographical information systems disciplines, is presented below;

  • Tenure Security

It is agreed that, without secure land rights there can be no sustainable development since security of tenure is a prerequisite for farmers’ willingness and commitment to undertake long-term improvements to their land. It is also a precondition for sustainable agriculture, economic growth and poverty reduction. Agricultural growth and poverty reduction depend significantly on increasing agricultural productivity; this will be particularly true for future progress in Ethiopia. There is widespread evidence that, whether a tenure system is private, communal or leasehold, farmers are more likely to invest in their land – and achieve productivity gains – when they have secured land rights.

  • Credit Market

Even if land is not subject to sale or mortgage, currently we can refer to federal and regional land legislations that indicate the tendencies of creating credit market through allowing land user to use their usefructuary right as collateral. For instance, according to the Federal Land Administration and Surveying and Use Proclamation No. 456/2005 as per Article 8(4) investors who has leased rural land may present his use right as collateral. This right is also incorporated in all the regional Land Administration and Surveying and use proclamations (maximum 5, 25, or 50 years as the case may be) an investor who mortgage his/her usufructuary right may secure as mortgage right to use his land or an asset produced on it, or both for the effected period of the lease. If there is no a contrary agreement, where the land use right is mortgaged, the asset developed on the land shall be considered as it is withheld together. With this in mind, it is wise to imagine the emergence and expansion of this market to great extents. As a result, necessary steps must be taken in order to create a reliable and efficient basis for a credit market. The emergence of this market is of great importance both for the economic development of society as a whole and for the prosperity of individual property owners.

  • Land Market

Considerations similar to the above also imply that at a certain stage of development there will be a need for better operation of land markets, a more formal Land Administration and Surveying system. Even if land is a common property of the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia and shall not be subject to sale or mortgage, practically it is not difficult to assess the existence of informal land market in which the majorities are conducted among members of the same communities informally, where members are inter-linked by network of social and other economic interactions. With population growth, economic expansion, and typically understanding of changing land policy in the country, it is possible to be optimistic on the emergence of formal land market. So, potential profitable transactions with individuals and groups from other communities also emerge with increasing frequency. Land markets, under ideal conditions, serve an important function in allocating land to its best uses and to better operators. A well-functioning land market would transfer the land to better operators, who can bring about higher productivity utilization. Such operators can offer a higher price (or a higher rent) than the land’s value to the original owner

  • Land Registration

Above all having information systems which places greatest emphasis on land information, the holding and registration of rights in land is imperative. It is a perquisite for the aforementioned variables to work properly. Reliable and accessible systems of land registration enable rights holders to verify the status of their interests and to contest overlapping and conflicting allocations. When such systems are in operation, landholders are more willing to invest in land improvements and sharecrop, rent or lease their land. With an efficient system of Land Administration and Surveying, including arrangements for land dispute resolution, more land is bought and sold, transaction costs are reduced, less land lies idle and the land and credit market grows. The result is an overall increase in productivity. However, a lack of reliable registration records tends to discourage would-be investors and holds up transactions. Uncertainties over the legal status of land rights usually have to be resolved by time-consuming, case-by-case investigation and agreements my need lengthy negotiations

PROGRAM OBJECTIVES

The establishment of the department has been made with objective of producing adequately trained Land Administration and Surveying professionals who will serve their community, with various skills: cadastral surveying, land law, real estate valuation and registration , dispute resolution, computer mapping, land use planning, land development and to strengthen the qualification and man power capacity of the personnel in land use and environmental protection authorities, municipalities, counseling and advisory departments and other institutions engaged in land related activities.

Specifically, the educational objectives of the program are:

  • To get land administrator who are confident to apply their skills in understanding the problem of the society, and make a useful contribution to the solution;
  • To apply knowledge, skills and experiences acquired in Land Administration and Surveying to contemporary issues of population, environment and gender;
  • To organize short and long term trainings, workshops, seminars, etc.
  • Equip students with confidence, understanding and skills that they need to take up their responsibilities as community service providers;
  • To provide continuous, relevant and positive contributions to the improvement of Land Administration and Surveying in Ethiopia;
  • To understand and exploit contemporary technologies in Land Administration and Surveying for the benefits of the society;
  • To put in place strategies to support Land Administration and Surveying needs of the society;
  • To have the relevant knowledge on planning, setting research project, analysing results, and use them in their work;

DEGREE OF NOMENCLATURE

The undergraduate Land Administration and Surveying Major program leads to a certification referred in English as

Bachelor of Science Degree (BS.c) in Land Administration and Surveying

Amharic as: የሳይንስ ባችለር ዲግሪ በመሬት አስተዳደር እና ቅየሳ


Program Type: Regular Only

+251011282056
kidanemoges@gmail.com /moges.kidane@ambou.edu.et

Page responsible: ambou.edu.et